It seems a large number of New Zealand and Australian businesses are seeking answers to search engine ranking difficulties between the two countries.

In a previous post “The Great Geographic Divide – Google Splits New Zealand And Australia” I talked about geographic modifiers and how many businesses are unaware of how important location is to search engine results.

I also discussed how tough it can be to get traction in Google in the other country and how it seems to be easier to get US placement than Australian placement if you are a New Zealand business.

This post is based on my research into the poor performance of a local company who also has representation across the Tasman and who felt like they had tried everything without success to improve their Australian search engine ranking.

Here is how the websites are set up.

There are two sites on two different ccTLDs (country code top level domain). So one is and the other is The New Zealand site is hosted here in NZ and the Australian site is hosted in Australia.

So far, so good.

The sites are both optimised for a range of keywords and each page of the site has unique meta data. Yes, good as well.

I am afraid that is the end of the good news though.

The New Zealand site performs reasonably well on Google for most of the keywords on several of the site pages. Traffic figures for the main keywords in New Zealand I would describe as average. However, when I use Google Australia to search for the same keywords the Aussie site is nowhere to be found.

So, what is going on here?

Looking at the websites a bit closer the NZ one has a PageRank of 3 and has a smallish number of fairly good quality back-links. The Australian site has PageRank 2 and lacks a decent number of back-links. Both domains have a bit of age on them – the NZ one is slightly older.

Here is the critical factor!

Both sites have almost identical content. Apart from a couple of pages where local suppliers or distributors are listed the sites are almost exactly the same aside from the country names where applicable.

So I set about investigating whether this configuration would pick up a Google penalty or not for duplicate content on separate ccTLDs. There is a huge amount of information out there and there is some disagreement as to how duplicate content is handled by the search engines. We all know that duplicate content on the same domain is inadmissible but what about domains in separate countries with separate hosting and separate physical addresses?

I started with Google’s webmaster guidelines then circled outward through various Google forums and Google’s own blog. From there I dug down into a number of the biggest SEO blogs written by highly respected search engine optimisation thought leaders. A clear picture started to appear.

Duplicate content is not penalised in this case as such. What happens though, is that if two pages have largely the same content then Google will choose the page first published or the page with the most authority to be the leading result for that content. The other page is therefore relegated much further down the listings to pages way beyond one and two.

If we look at article submission – you will notice similar treatment when you submit the same article to several different article directories. Either the first published or the most authoritative site will get the best search engine ranking and the rest will disappear way down the results pages.

So in this case the New Zealand site has the upper hand – better PageRank, better link profile and a slightly older domain. It is given authority for each of the duplicated pages and this is where it is a killer for the Aussie site.

When someone searches for a keyword in Google Australia the NZ site has the jump. But when the geographic modifiers kick in Google will find every optimised Australian business first before giving a Kiwi site top placement. The NZ site is seriously hurting the performance of the Australian one.

To test this theory I searched the keywords used in the Title Tag and meta description of the only non-duplicated page on the Australian site which is a listing of Aussie distributors.

Guess what? The Aussie site was at position one or two on Page One for each of them…


So, what is the fix for this situation?

The answer is in separating the two sites. The design aspects are fine – no need to redesign – it is the HTML content which must be altered in order to present the two sites as unique presences in their individual markets. The on-page content must be unique and the meta data will also have to be entirely different. Once these changes are made it will be a case of resubmitting the sites to inform the various search engines of the changes and it will take a while for the site to begin to move up the search results – a couple of days to several weeks.

This situation is a major headache for multi-national companies with a presence in a number of countries. Does language give enough uniqueness if the sites are primarily the same? What if the company is in several territories where English or Spanish is the main language? How different do the sites have to be? What if we set up a big dot com site and have a page for each of our offices around the world?

Imagine having the job of creating fifty large unique sites for fifty territories?

As an amusing footnote I received a message via our contact page from a company who was experiencing a similar situation with poor search results in one of the two countries. Noticing it was a NZ based company I gave them a call on their 0800 number. When I told them my phone number they laughed – it turns out that they are less than five minutes from here. How did they find us?

They searched Google for solutions to NZ and Australian search engine ranking problems and my other post popped up at the top. Talk about geo-targeting!

I would be interested to hear your opinions on the duplicate content issue and whether you have struck similar anomalies in search when related to geographic location.